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How to Make Organic Compost in 3 Easy Steps

How to Make Organic Compost in 3 Easy Steps

Go for the gold! Black gold! And we don’t mean Jed Clampett’s kind of black gold in The Beverly Hillbillies. Rich compost is a garden essential, and if you’re wondering how to make organic compost, the good news is that it’s simple.

Why Make Compost?

Organic compost is like gardener’s gold. Healthy plants begin with healthy soil and making compost reduces the need for expensive fertilizers.

Whether you just have a compost pile, make your own compost bin or buy one if you’re short on space and time, you will want to make compost to give your garden the best chance at thriving. In other words, prioritize composting as a gardening essential.

Compost can be “cooking” year round. Even in winter, there are things you can do with compost in winter to nurture and protect it. Composting is like making rich soil and it’s a year-round process that will see you into spring ready for planting with a rich heap of compost, primed and ready for the growing season.

If you’re new to gardening and haven’t yet gotten into composting, you will want to. Composting is It’s a habit worth cultivating in yourself and your family. Just train them to remember to save those vegetable scraps instead of tossing it in the trash.

Let the kids know that throwing food down the disposal or in the trash is like throwing away “black gold”. As expensive as good fertilizer can be, to throw scraps away instead of turn it over to the compost bin is like throwing money in the trash or down the disposal!

And just as homegrown is more nutritious than store bought, same thing with home cooked compost, it’s better than money can buy. Learning this lesson will not only nourish your garden but gardening and composting with your children which foster a sense of conservation, recycling and understanding of the cycles of life in the garden.

How to Make Organic - Vegetable scraps, refuse and garden debris make great organic compost. #HowToMakeOrganicCompost #MakingOrganicCompost #GardensAll

Making compost from kitchen and garden waste can save you a bundle in soil conditioning costs, while helping to reduce your waste footprint, too. Composting is really such a cool natural… organic process. It’s what nature does… return everything to the soil from whence so much life comes.

In the Back to Eden gardening article,[1] we learn how important mulch is for contributing to healthy soil. That’s especially true with compost contributing to healthy garden plants.

Make organic compost using organic materials, from non-meat foods to nature's debris, nature models the composting concept. #HowToMakeOrganicCompost #MakingOrganicCompost #GardensAll #MakeCompost #OrganicCompost #GardensAll

Of course, you will need to buy some fertilizer, especially in the beginning as you’re building up your own compost reserves, and for that we use Milorganite. Not only is Milorganite an organically processed (though not certified) product by a 90 year old company and process, Milorganite is a great fertilizer and a deer deterrent!

However, if you have a LARGE garden area or even planning for a market garden, (growing produce to sell at farmer’s markets or roadside), you’ll want to invest in a truckload of good soil from your local farm supply store.

That’s the advice of Jean-Martin Fortier and his wife, Maude-Hélène Desroches, author of The Market Gardener book, whose micro farm is earning six figures a year!

Start composting by setting up a kitchen compost bin. Depending on your kitchen space you can choose a countertop model like this one gallon Amazon #1 best seller countertop compost bin.

Kitchen countertop compost bin. #HowToMakeOrganicCompost #MakingOrganicCompost #KitchenCompost #GardensAll #MakeCompost #OrganicCompost #GardensAll
Kitchen countertop compost bin.

We’ve just used a stainless steel bowl in our kitchen for years, but have our eye on this cute compost bin with an inner removable bucket. This compost bucket is artsy and functional with that homestead cottage flare, yet reasonably priced. #GiftList!

However, I think we’ll go for the very practical—and economical version—that my brother and sister-in-law just use. They have a small trash can line with a plastic grocery bag and have it sitting in one side of their double sink. They love the simplicity of being able to just remove the bag and take it to the garden and dump the compost

My brother just uses a small plastic trash can lined with a disposable plastic grocery bag.

Or… a few other options might appeal to you, such as if you have extra space inside your cabinet door, you might like a compost container like this is a 1.5 gallon capacity cabinet mounted compost bin option pictured below. They also come in a 2 gallon capacity version.

These could be used with—or without—a plastic liner bag. To bag or not to bag has pros and cons… advantages and disadvantages, so you’d just need to decide which system works best for you.

If you do go for a compost liner bag, you might consider these biodegradable compostable bags made specifically for this purpose.

Cabinet mounted 1.5 gallon compost bin. Keeps compost scraps out of the way in this easy to use compost container. Use plastic grocery bags and recycle those as well. Kitchen countertop compost bin. #HowToMakeOrganicCompost #MakingOrganicCompost #KitchenCompost #GardensAll #MakeCompost #OrganicCompost #GardensAll
Cabinet mounted 1.5 gallon compost bin.

Our current composting process goes through three stages from kitchen to garden:

  • 1 Countertop receptacle while cooking (there are many kinds of countertop compost bins)
  • 2 “Backdoor” receptacles, for which we’re using two 5 gallon buckets outside our back door) on rotation, with screw on lids.
  • 3 Wood compost bins for processing in the garden, (we built our own out of scrap lumber. Some folks build them out of pallets), but you can also buy them on Amazon if you have more budget than time, or aren’t able to do much rough carpentry work).

Our Kitchen-to-Garden Composting System

  1. One countertop kitchen compost bin – we’re now using this one by Oxo (though ours is spring green). and we really like that it’s simple and easy-to-clean
  2. Two 5-gallon buckets
  3. Three wood compost bins – which you can see pictured in this article

We’re using the plastic 5 gallon buckets because we already had some on hand. If you’re starting from scratch and don’t already have those, we’d recommend a metal or stainless steel compost bin instead. The 5 gallon buckets work well, but the main drawback is that the lids with all the grooves are harder to scrub clean.

These are easier to access than the lids of 5 gallon buckets, even though we have the five gallon bucket lids that twist on and off, it’s easier to just pedal-lift a lid.

You could use a plastic kitchen trash can with the swinging push lids, however, we would not recommend it because it’s too easy for ants and other insects to be attracted to and access the contents and for odors to escape. So you could use something like this 5.28 gallon can with foot pedal opening as an alternate.

For a single person or couple, something like this all-in-one compost bin with an included countertop receptacle, might be enough. But for a family of four or so it would take several months to break down, which means it would likely fill up too quickly. But this system looks great for small scale gardening, easy to use and maneuver to wherever you need to place compost.

Compost bin in garden. Lady gardening flower bed. #GardensAll #MakeCompost #OrganicCompost #GardensAll #WaysToUseHomemadeCompost #HomemadeCompost

Next: what you need to know to create your compost system.

Buy or Build Your Compost Bin

No matter whether you build an elaborate 3-bin system (what we call our cadillac of compost systems), buy a compost barrel or tumbler, or just have a compost pile heaped up in the beginning, it’s more important to get started than to have the perfect system or receptacle. You can tweak and improve it as you go. But just get started.

It’s more important to get started than to have the perfect system.

1. Pick the right spot

Make sure your compost heap is situated on a level, well-drained spot, to help excess water drain away. Too much water, and your compost won’t decompose properly. This also helps worms to get in and get on with the job of breaking down the content. Investing in a prefab compost bin—or building your own—can help contain your heap and maximize drainage. You’ll also want it conveniently located to the garden for ready access.

Garden compost container. Attractive storage shed and landscaped yard. #HowToMakeOrganicCompost #MakingOrganicCompost #StorageShed #GardensAll #MakeCompost #GardensAll
A tidy English yard garden with a single compost bin.

2. Earthworms are your friends

The earthworm is nature’s garbage-disposal specialist. They love spending their time in the dark, warm, moist atmosphere of a working compost heap or wormery, diligently transforming your vegetable peelings and grass cuttings into rich humus for your plant beds. You can speed things up by building your own worm population, with a worm factory, and worms, both available on Amazon!

Earthworms are nature’s garbage-disposal specialists.

Seems weird, right?! But, yep… you can buy worms, live ladybugspreying mantis egg cases and all sorts of things through Amazon these days. We got our nematodes from there to help get rid of flea beetles.

You can start growing your worm population in special containers, or place them directly into layers of soil in your compost. They know what to do. Or, you can build your own as some in the Gardens All audience are doing.

3. Feed your heap

The right ingredients can make all the difference between a great meal and a disappointing mess. It’s the same with compost heaps. Feeding your heap the right ingredients will help optimize it.

Pile on vegetable peelings, fruit waste, teabags, plant clippings and grass cuttings. These break down quickly and provide plenty of moisture and nitrogen. Add fiber and carbon and create some space for air pockets by disposing of your leaves and shredded paper (though not the click colored ink type). These break down more slowly and balance the heap. You can also include useful minerals by adding crushed eggshells.

Making organic compost-food scraps-garden soil

We tend to just toss our eggshells in without breaking them down. Some get folks go all out and bake the shells in the oven to dry them out to make them more brittle, then crush or pulverize them, such as with the Vitamix flour making dried grains container, or a mortar and pestle.

Why 3 Compost Bins?

We use a 3-stage composting bin system. #NaturalCompost #OrganicCompost #GardensAll
An elegant rendition of the 3-bin composting system we call “the cadillac of compost systems.”

For years we’ve used the 3-bin composting system you’ll see in the video below. We built ours mostly from materials on hand, (so they don’t look as pretty as in the above photo ;-)).

You can also make your own compost bins out of old wooden pallets.

The 3 Step, 3 Bin Composting System

This is what we do:

  • Bin 1 – Fresh, raw materials alternated with roughage, moisture, organic fertilizer
  • Bin 2 – Aging and processing
  • Bin 3 – Ready as compost

If you want more details on the GardensAll 3-bin composting system, tune into this video chat with Coleman Alderson, further below.

In the video Coleman talks about why he’s skeptical about the efficacy of the tumbler compost systems. If you have a tumbler compost system that’s working well, please let us know. We don’t yet have direct experience with this and it would be great to chat with an objective source who does. Perhaps they’re improving upon these, such as with the two chambered versions.

This 37 gallon capacity Amazon best seller compost tumbler has top reviews from hundreds of satisfied customers, so it must work well and has a decent 37 gallon capacity.

Compost Tumbler on Amazon
Compost Tumbler on Amazon

Okay! Onward to a chat with Coleman on the 3 bin composting system.

We hope you found this helpful. Please share your compost experience with us on the Gardens All Facebook page or via email. We really enjoy hearing your comments, seeing your photos and learning from your experiences.

With compost heaps, you’ll get out what you put in, so put in some time and great ingredients and you will get many times that returned from your garden.

To learn more about best compost tumblers and DIY compost bins, you can read about that here.

Happy Planting!

Make Organic Compost in 3 Easy Steps -- Organic compost is like gardener's gold. Healthy plants begin with healthy soil and making compost reduces the need for expensive fertilizers. Rich compost is a garden essential. Go for the gold! Black gold! And we don't mean Jed Clampett's kind of black gold.

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